The Avro Lancaster

Considered Britains’s greatest bomber of World War 2, the Avro Lancaster was the main aircraft used for night assault on Germany. With four engines allowing the plane to fly at 462 km/h (287 mph), this heavy bomber delivered a bigger bombload than any other plane in Europe – 6350kg (14,000lbs).

Avro Lancaster

The Lancaster was well designed, so well that only minor changes were made before production started and then surged ahead through World War 2.

Type: seven-seat heavy bomber
Powerplant: 4x 1,390hp (1,460hp with max boost) Merlin 20 or 22
Service Ceiling: 7467m (24,492ft)
Maximum Speed: 287mph (462km/h)
Range: 4075km (2530 miles) with 3175kg (7000lbs) bombs; 2700 km (1660 miles) with full load (6350kg/14,000lbs of bombs)
Armament: nine 7.7mm (.303 cal.) Browning machine guns
Dimensions:
Span: 31.09 m (102 ft.)
Lenght: 21.18 m (69 ft.)
Height: 6.25 m (20 ft.)


7 thoughts on “The Avro Lancaster

  1. Robin Humphreys

    i have always like the avro lancaster bomber as well as being a fantastic war plain and the help it gave in the war my late farther was a grunds crew on them during the second would war so i was fashonated by them from a early age i reacon i’m still am he only aircraft that i think can compete is the supermarine spitfire also a personal favorate

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  2. James

    I am curious about the cockpit. Was there only one pilot. Most bombers had two control wheels and a co pilot. Did the Lancaster have two controls and a co Pilot. Somewhere, I read that it only had one pilot. Thanks, James

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    1. Ian Munro

      My uncle who I just remember flew Lancasters during ww11 having been trained to fly in Canada was as co-pilot / bomb aimer so he had two positions on board which he changed as required when over targets. He was a Sgnt. in rank and we still have his log book which states this duty on board.I also believe that before America entered the war they were producing Lancasters for Britain that were pushed over the border into Canada so as not to break their neutrality and that these planes were fitted with Prat and Whitney engines until the Rolls Royce engines were produced in America which I believe are still available as spares for the large number of Spitfires still flying in the states. The RAF have one Lancaster and another recently restored in Canada was flying in England last year. There is another being restored in Australia and one which regularly does runway run up but do3es not fly belonging to wealthy farming brothers in Yorkshire. Their large farm/estate has a runway left over from WW11 on it I believed built for American bombers .This plane is not permitted to take off or fly for technical reasons. There used to be a Lancaster at Strathalan air museum that came from Australia in the mid 1960s which I saw flying at North Wheald in Essex at that time. It was later sold but I saw it being serviced at the mseum and it definitely had Pratt and Whitney radial engines this was at the museum in the early mid 1970s Where isit now?

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      1. Reg Prescott

        Ian – I don’t think these radials were Pratt and Whitney engines. I believe they would have been Bristol Hercules engines which were fitted to the Lancasteras there was a shortage of Merlins available at the time (The Merlin was fitted to several other aircraft during WW2 such as the Spitfire, Hurricane, Mosquito, Mustang etc. and sometimes there was a shortage of supply). Also, the maximum bombload in the spec. shown above is incorrect. They did indeed carry 14,000 lbs of bombs to Berlin (compare this to a B17 carrying 4,500 lbs on the same trip). However, by the end of the war, they were able to carry up to 22,000 lbs. The most of any bomber in the entire war including the B29 which carried 20,000 lbs..

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    2. Henry Cheong

      The Lancaster is flown by a pilot and co-pilot seated side-by-side as with all long range/large bombers… the wooden wonder Mossie is a single-pilot plane with the navigator seated slightly behind to the right of the pilot.

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  3. Jim Canter

    I remember seeing a Lancaster in Windsor Canada may yearsago. It was an awesome sight. The British are good for building effective, cost efficient weapons.

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  4. Terra Lee

    I am searching for names of pilots that flew the Lancasters during ww2 any info would be appreciated thank you Terra Lee

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